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What happens in Couples Therapy?

In couples therapy, a trained therapist facilitates discussions and provides guidance to help couples work through their relationship challenges. The specific process may vary depending on the therapist's approach and the needs of the couple, but generally, the following elements are involved:


1. Assessment: The therapist gathers information about the couple's history, concerns, and goals. This helps them understand the dynamics of the relationship and tailor the therapy accordingly.


2. Communication improvement: Couples therapy focuses on enhancing communication skills, such as active listening, expressing emotions effectively, and reducing defensiveness. The therapist may teach specific techniques to promote healthier and more constructive communication.


3. Conflict resolution: Couples often struggle with conflicts and disagreements. The therapist helps couples identify the underlying issues causing conflict and guides them in finding mutually satisfactory solutions. This may involve teaching problem-solving strategies and promoting empathy and understanding.


4. Relationship patterns: The therapist helps couples recognize negative patterns of interaction that contribute to relationship distress. By identifying and addressing these patterns, couples can develop healthier ways of relating to each other.


5. Emotional healing: Couples therapy may involve exploring and processing emotional wounds and unresolved issues. This allows for healing, forgiveness, and building trust within the relationship.


6. Goal setting and homework: The therapist helps couples set goals for their therapy and provides exercises or assignments to practice outside of sessions. These activities can reinforce the therapeutic work and facilitate progress.


The number and frequency of sessions vary based on the couple's needs and progress. Couples therapy is a collaborative process that requires active participation, openness, and commitment from both partners.

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